Recently I ran into an issue while attempting to install MS SQL 2014 Management Studio on a Windows 2012 R2 Server. While it was able to install some of the components, the most important ones failed to install. I kept running into an error called 1911 where it was not able to register a certain file. After doing some research online, I noticed that a lot of people running multiple versions of Windows had the following update installed on their system KB3072630.
The simple fix for me was to remove the update and install the application. This allowed me to successfully install the SQL Management Studio without a problem. If you would like to keep your system secure, I would advise that you install the update to patch the vulnerability once again. Sophos published an article with a little more information, if interested, you can follow this link.